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牛蒡子的功效与作用:美企丧病狂!对我国企业提宗337考查联想涉案!

2019年11月12日 05:04


  Zeng Zi was one of Confucius" students. Once, Zeng Zi"s wife was going shopping. Because the child was crying loudly, she promised the child that she would kill their pig to treat him after she returned home. After she returned, Zeng Zi captured to butcher the pig. His wife stopped him, saying " I was kidding the child." Zeng zi said: "There is no kidding with the children, because they know little and they usually imitate their parents and follow their instructions. If you cheat them, it is the same as teaching them to cheat the others." So Zeng Zi killed the pig, because he knew that sincerity and keeping one"s words are the essentials of conducting oneself. If he broke his words, he might keep his pig, but he would leave a unforgettable shadow in his child"s heart.
  
  曾子是孔子的学生。有一次,曾子的妻子准备去赶集,由于孩子哭闹不已,曾子妻许诺孩子回来后杀猪给他吃。曾子妻从集市上回来后,曾子便捉猪来杀,妻子阻止说:“我不过是跟孩子闹着玩的。”曾子说:“和孩子是不可说着玩的。小孩子不懂事,凡事跟着父母学,听父母的教导。现在你哄骗他,就是教孩子骗人啊”。于是曾子把猪杀了。曾子深深懂得,诚实守信、说话算话是做人的基本准则。若失言不杀猪,那么家中的猪保住了,但却在一个纯洁的孩子的心灵上留下不可磨灭的阴影。


  人生弯弯曲曲水,世事重重叠叠山。生活如泛着阳光味道的彩色泡泡,五彩纷呈。但失意、痛苦也会常常伴随着我们。
  转变生活的视角,在快乐与痛苦之间,在失意与淡然之间,在成功与失败之间,你会发现一座彩色的桥,连接着我们的生活,也连接着我们的心。
  转变生活的视角,在我们失败低垂着沮丧的脑袋时,你会发现失败正奠基着我们通向理想殿堂的道路。也许你会认为失败就预示着泯灭,换个角度看生活,你会发现失败是成功的垫脚石,是成功之母,那样,你便会尝到生活的另类味道,感受到新的感觉。转变生活的视角,快乐与幸福会到来。
  当你看到高耸的珠穆朗玛峰,看到那山顶的皑皑白雪时,你是不是会惊叹自然的力量。然而伟大的人类还是登上了它,征服了它。
  当你看见蜗牛与雄鹰比赛谁先达到城堡的顶端时,也许你会为蜗牛的行为而感到不解,认为那无疑会以失败而告终。然而你看见蜗牛那种对胜利抱有信心的积极的心态了吗?
  当你看到溪流汩汩,奔向前方,以伟大的气势去投入海洋母亲的怀抱,也许你会被那股神奇的力量征服,也许你会被大海那雄浑的气势震慑,难道你从中没有品味出那亲情的伟大吗?
  转变生活的视角,用积极的心态去面对生活,百折不挠,让我们在艰难中成长。
  新的时代,有新的气息。旧的时代,有旧的底蕴。阿Q,这个在旧时代生活的何其渺小的底层人物,让我们不由刮目相看。在那个时代,以他那样的心态活着固然不好,但草根阶层的韧性就是这样的。
  在这个瞬息万变的时代,在这个高度发达的时代,我们不妨借借他的精神胜利法,去掉那自轻自傲的不合时宜,给我们的心灵开一扇窗户,那样,我们的生活也许就因为那扇窗户透进来的丝丝阳光而洋溢出美丽的色彩。
  转变生活的视角,用全新的感观面对生活,你会发现生活多姿多彩。
  生活是美丽的,让我们转变生活的视角,尽情地享受生活带给我们的快乐吧!
  (指导老师:王维平)
牛蒡子的功效与作用
  James Watt"s great claim to fame is that he greatly improved on the steam engine thus paving the way for their use in factories, mills, mines etc.
  James Watt, the son of a merchant, was born in Greenock, Scotland, in 1736. Watt did not attend school regularly,but instead he was mostly schooled at home by his mother. He exhibited great manual dexterity1 and an aptitude2 for mathematics, and absorbed the legends and lore of the Scottish people.
  When he was 18, his mother died and his father"s health had begun to fail. Watt was sent to London to learn the trade of a mathematical-instrument maker.
  Watt returned to Glasgow in 1757 where he established his own instrument-making business. Watt soon developed a reputation as a high quality engineer. Four years after opening his shop, Watt began to experiment with steam. At this point Watt had still never seen an operating steam engine, but he tried constructing a model. It failed to work satisfactorily, but he continued his experiments and began to read everything about it he could. He independently discovered the importance of latent heat in understanding the engine. He learned that University of Glasgow owned a model Newcomen engine, but it was in London for repairs. Watt got the university to have it returned, and he made the repairs in 1763.
  It too just barely worked, and after much experimentation he showed that about 80% of the heat of the steam was consumed in heating the cylinder3, because the steam in it was condensed by an injected stream of cold water. His critical insight, to cause the steam to condense in a separate chamber apart from the piston4, and to maintain the temperature of the cylinder at the same temperature as the injected steam, posed a problem. How was the steam to be transferred from the
  cylinder to the condenser? The solution came in the course of a walk upon Glasgow Green. He suddenly realized that, as "nature abhors a vacuum5", the answer was to create a vacuum in the condenser which would suck the steam from the cylinder. By the time he had reached the golf links, he had worked out a way of doing this, utilising an air pump. He soon had a working model by 1765.
  Now came a long struggle to produce a full-scale engine. The principal difficulty was in machining the piston and cylinder. Iron workers of the day were more like blacksmiths than machinists, so the results left much to be desired. Much capital was spent in pursuing the groundbreaking patent. Strapped for resources, Watt was forced to take up employment as a surveyor for eight years.
  Watt finally had access to some of the best iron workers in the world. The difficulty of the manufacture of a large cylinder with a tightly fitting piston was solved hy John Wilkinson who had developed precision boring techniques for cannon making.
  Finally, in 1776, the first engines were installed and working in commercial enterprises. These first engines were used for pumps and produced only reciprocating6 motion. Orders began to pour in and for the next five years Watt was very busy installing more engines, mostly in Cornwall for pumping water out of mines.


  Hong Kong has taken over from Tokyo as the world"s most expensive city, according to a lifestyle survey which also reveals the gap between the costliest and cheapest cities is narrowing. Moscow muscles in at second place in the survey, released by Mercer Human Resource Consulting, with Tokyo third. At the other end of the scale, Johannesburg replaced Blantyre, Malawi as the cheapest city on the planet. Mercer said the gulf between those at the top and bottom of the pile had narrowed by nearly 15 percent in the 12 months to March 2002. The research took New York as the base city with a nominal score of 100 points. Hong Kong scored 124.2; the South African metropolis just 34.4. It measured the comparative cost of over 200 items such as housing, food, clothing and household goods as well as transport and entertainment in 144 cities worldwide. St. Petersburg in Russia and London were the two most expensive cities in Europe, while in the United States, New York was far and away the costliest city, followed by Los Angeles, Chicago and San Francisco. Elsewhere, Buenos Aires had the most dramatic fall, plunging from 23rd to 133rd following Argentina"s economic crisis and devaluation of the peso. New Zealand and Australian cities continued to show they are probably the best bet for cheap but high quality living, with scores consistently around 50 or below while at the same time ranking in the top 30 for quality of life in another Mercer survey released in March 2002.
  
  根据一项生活方式调查,香港已经取代东京坐上了世界上最昂贵城市的交椅,该调查同时显示生活成本最昂贵城市与最低廉城市之间的差距正在缩小。根据默瑟人力资源咨询公司公布的调查,莫斯科挤到了第二位,东京则位居第三。在标尺的另一端,约翰内斯堡取代马拉维的布兰太尔而成了地球上最低廉的城市。默瑟公司称,到2002年3月为止的12个月当中,排行榜顶端和底端之间的差距缩小了将近15%。此次调查以纽约为基准城市,基准分为100分。香港得分为124.2,而南非首都只有34.4。调查计算了全球144个城市超过200种项目的比较成本,包括住房、食品、服装、日用品、交通及娱乐等等。欧洲最昂贵的城市是俄罗斯的圣彼得堡和伦敦,美国最昂贵的城市当然是纽约,其次是洛杉矶、芝加哥和旧金山。在其他地方,布宜诺斯艾利斯的排名发生了最为戏剧性的下跌:在阿根廷经济危机及比索贬值之后,它从第23位猛跌到了第133位。新西兰和澳大利亚各城市的表现依旧良好,这表明它们可能是追求高质量低成本生活的人们的最佳选择:它们的得分仍旧在50左右或更低,与此同时,在默瑟于2002年3月公布的另一项调查中,它们又居于生活质量最高的30个城市之列。
  
  短文改错答案
  一、1.[sleeping改为asleep]2.[very改为too] 3.[√]4.[it改为which]
   5.[watched改为watching]6.[去掉more]7.[his改为her]
   8.[serious改为seriously] 9.[and改为but]10.[that后加will]
  二、1.[manage改为managed]2.[for改为at]3.[out后加of]4.[去掉but]
  5.[asked改为asking]6.[a改为the]7.[they改为we]8.[testing改为test]
  9.[speak改为say或tell]10.[√]
  三、1.[fine前加a]2.[√]3.[去掉was]4.[a改为an]
  5.[去掉from]6.[dark改为darker]7.[few前加a]8.[have改为had]
  9.[cross改为across]10.[drop改为drops]
  四、1.[saw改为seeing或前加who]2.[on改为up]3. [√]4.[not后加be]
  5.[and后加that]6.[And改为But]7.[去掉were]8.[on前加was]
  9.[wear前加to]10.[ladies前加the]
  五、1.[suitable前加a]2.[去掉that]3.[spent改为spend]
  4.[them改为me]5.[√]6.[me改为myself]7.[speak改为say]
  8.[much改为many]9.[want后加to]10.[advices改为advice]
牛蒡子的功效与作用
  凡事都会有正反两面,都会有两个极端。放弃在许多人眼里,莫过于是消极的、贬义的代名词,但在我眼里它也代表着褒义,关键看你在什么情况下,为了什么而选择放弃。
  放弃是消极的,这是众所周知的事情。人生的道路上总会遇到很多坎坷困苦,遇到很多拦路虎,总是逆境多于顺境。对于这些逆境,我们不能畏惧,更不能选择逃避和放弃,因为人生不经历逆境就不会走向真正意义上的成功。我们应勇敢地挑战逆境,努力将逆境变成奔向成功的动力、磨炼意志的岩石、脱离庸俗的良药。
  多少文人志士在逆境中作出了成就:如果屈原在流放中选择放弃,怎会有千古绝唱的《离骚》?如果贝多芬在失聪中选择放弃,怎会有闻名于世的《第九交响曲》?如果居里夫人在失去丈夫的痛苦中选择放弃,怎会发现用途广泛的镭?如果曹雪芹在贫病交加的痛苦中选择放弃,怎会写出流传中外的《红楼梦》……古今中外,这样在逆境中不言放弃而取得成就的例子不胜枚举,这些例子告诉我们,在逆境中要选择挑战,而不是选择放弃。
  但从另一方面考虑,放弃也是积极的。在我们的生命中,面临着众多或大或小的诱惑,这时就需要我们为了更有意义的事而选择放弃。学会放弃,需要坚强的意志,需要敢于超越的性格,更需要一颗拿得起放得下的平常心。
  不知大家是否听说过张黎刚,他是“e龙网”的创办人。他在20岁时,已是上海复旦大学的高材生了,再过一年,他就可以得到学位,而他却中途退学去了美国。十年后,就在他即将获得哈佛大学博士学位时,他又选择了退学回国。在国内,他和同学白手起家,最终成为搜狐网的中坚分子。然而他在即将升为搜狐网第一副总裁的时候却再一次选择了离开。离开后的他创办了“e龙网”。当“e龙网”破土而出,取得6 000万的支持时,他离开了“e龙网”。面对这不断的放弃,他说人生在于不断追求。他在放弃的同时,多了一些历练,在追求中找到了终极价值——快乐。
  放弃了溪流,才能选择广阔的大海;放弃了平坦,才能多份人生的磨炼;放弃了喧嚣,才能拥有心扉的恬静。蝌蚪不收尾成不了青蛙,苗木不砍枝成不了大树,人生不及时取舍就难以建成出类拔萃的功业,这就是适当放弃的哲理。放弃对虚名的争夺,放弃对金钱的贪婪,放弃徒劳的争吵,放弃没完没了的解释,把一切无用的、多余的统统甩掉。
  懂得放弃,便能轻松、豁达许多,从而以自信去创造充满意义的生活,生命也将绽放得更加灿烂夺目。只有懂得放弃,才能在人生的旅途上走得更长、更远。
  
  (指导老师:尹传海)

牛蒡子的功效与作用:梦境正西游天剑星怎么杀天剑星王虎击杀攻微详松


  独到的创新设计,能使由“赤橙黄绿青蓝紫”组成的彩绸在空中亮出美不胜收的舞姿。别具一格的表现形式,能使精心包装的作文充满灵气和魅力。下面列举的几种作文构思方法,定会使我们的眼睛为之一亮。
  一、答题式构思
  如以“对与错”为话题写一篇文章,有位同学自拟题目《自证对与错》,除首尾简约的环境描写外,文章主体部分由“已知”“求证”“证明”“解答”这四部分组成,作者以这种求解几何证明题的形式表达自己对“罚抄500遍”的认识,文章的主题——罚抄的“对与错”和拒绝罚抄,“与老师斗智”的“对与错”,通过这一新颖别致的形式表现得轻松而幽默。
  二、剧本式构思
  随着作文文体要求的放开,有的同学机智地运用剧本这一众多考生尚感陌生的体裁构思成文,体现出强烈的创新意识。有位同学的剧本《错?对!》抓住初三学生爱好写作“究竟对还是错”构思剧情,具备独幕剧的各种要素,序幕交代背景,学生涵静和李老师这两个人物的对话个性鲜明,涵静的内心独白声情并茂,舞台场景的转换自然流畅,“不语,扯衣角”“抬头”“站起”“向右走两步,灯光变白些”等舞台说明准确得当。剧本通过紧凑而集中的矛盾冲突,表现当代教育体制给人们带来的困惑和反思,取得了其他文体难以收到的表达效果。
  三、谈心式构思
  这种构思的创意在于,全文以第二人称“你”展开,运用与读者对话、谈心的形式进行叙写,给读者一种近距离的亲近感。有位同学拟题《发现你自己》,文中用“你”作称呼多达42处,按照“发现你自己的人生坐标,发现你奋斗的动力”“发现你自己,发现你的美丽,更发现你的瑕疵”“发现你自己的兴趣,展示你个性的美丽”这三个层次描述“发现自己”的审美内涵,新颖别致的表达形式,一声声贴心的呼唤,激起读者的强烈共鸣。
  四、变异式构思
  循规蹈矩、一一对应地照题目的要求构思,难免人云亦云、千篇一律。机智的同学善于从题目中寻找“变异”点,在题目允许的范围内展示思维的个性。2006年陕西省中考作文题的提示语中有一句是“优美动听的校园歌曲使人心旷神怡”,在备选的三个题目中有一题是“听_____我真_____”。不少考生在前一横线上填上具体的歌曲名,思维流向单一,雷同卷甚多。有位考生将“校园歌曲”作为变异点,说那“飘洒缠绵”的春雨是一首没有乐谱的“校园歌曲”,于是拟出《听雨,我真陶醉》这样的佳题,令人耳目一新。文中,作者说春雨“轻唱着挖空你的心思,道出你的惆怅,注释你的疑惑……使你觉得自己仿佛已变成一滴雨,一棵树,一棵草,一束花,一撮泥土”,“我成长中的错误会在这柔和的歌唱中变得美丽”,“太多心思……太多哀怨能在这春雨的浅吟中将它们逐一放飞”,由于作者通过变异式构思找到了适合自己抒发个性的切入口,所以能把听雨的陶醉说得入丝入扣,不同凡响。
  五、反向式构思
  反弹琵琶,逆向思维,往往会别有洞天,使你的文章独辟蹊径,熠熠生辉。如“以‘关心’为题,结合自己的切身感受,写一篇有真情实感的文章”。很多考生都跳不出“叙写‘关心’者之美德,抒发被‘关心’者之感激”这一类窠臼,总是从正面落笔,给人千人一面之感。有位考生别出心裁,由众人对一个百日小孩起名的关心,引出一位被人漠视、歧视的老人(即小孩的爷爷)的悲惨故事,家人对待小孩与老人的不同态度,对比鲜明,反映了很有社会意义的深刻主题。文章的构思以“反”为主,以“正”衬“反”,以“反”写“正”,以老人的不被“关心”呼唤全社会对老人的“关心”,这种构思赋予了题目“关心”以更深广的内容,令人思考,使人耳目一新。
牛蒡子的功效与作用
  As a little boy, there was nothing I liked better than Sunday aftemoons at my grandfather"s farm in western Pennsylvania. Surrounded by miles of winding stonewalls, the house and barn provided endless hours of fun for a city kid like me. I was used to parlors neat as a pin that seemed to whisper, "Not to be touched!"
  I can still remember one afternoon when I was eight years old. Since my first visit to the farm, I"d wanted more than anything to be allowed to climb the stonewalls surrounding the property. My parents would never approve. The walls were old; some stones were missing, others loose and crumbling. Still, my yearning to scramble across those walls grew so strong. One spring afternoon, I summoned all my courage and entered the living room, where the adults had gathered after dinner.
  "I, uh, I want to climb the stonewalls," I said hesitantly. Everyone looked up. "Can I climb the stonewalls?" Instantly a chorus went up from the women in the room. "Heavens, no!" they cried in dismay. "You"ll hurt yourself!" I wasn"t too disappointed; the response was just as I"d expected. But before I could leave the room, I was stopped by my grandfather" s booming voice. "Hold on just a minute," I heard him say, "Let the boy climb the stonewalls. He has to learn to do things for himself."
  "Scoot," he said to me with a wink, "and come and see me when you get back." For the next two and a half hours I climbed those old walls and had the time of my life. Later I met with my grandfather to tell him about my adventure. I"ll never forget what he said. "Fred," he said, grinning, "you made this day a special day just by being yourself. Always remember, there"s only one person in this whole world like you, and I like you exactly as you are."
  Many years have passed since then, and today I host the television program Mister Rogers" Neighborhood, seen by millions of children throughout America. There have been changes over the years, but one thing remains the same: my message to children at the end of almost every visit, "There"s only one person in this whole world like you, and people can like you exactly as you are."
  
  我小时候最喜欢在爷爷的农场里度过每一个星期天的下午。爷爷的农场在宾州西部。农场四周都围上了绵延几英里的石墙。房子和谷仓给我这个城市男孩带来了无穷的快乐时光。我习惯了城里非常整洁的客厅,似乎在低声说:“不要摸!”
  我仍能记得我8岁那年的一天下午的情景。因为我第一次去农场,所以我很想能让自己爬农场四周的那些石墙。父母绝不会同意。这些墙年深日久,有的石头不见了,有的石头松动倒塌。然而,我渴望爬这些墙的欲望非常强烈。一个春天的下午,我鼓足勇气,走进客厅,大人们午饭后都聚在这里。
  “我,呃,我想爬那些石墙,”我犹豫地说道。大家都抬起头。“我能去爬那些石墙吗?”屋里的女人们马上齐声叫了起来。“天哪,不能!”她们惊慌地叫道,“你会伤着自己的!”我并没有太失望,我早就预料会是这样的回答。但还没等我离开客厅,爷爷低沉的声音拦住了我。“等一会儿,”我听到他说。“让孩子爬那些石墙吧。他必须学会自己做事。”
  “快走吧,”他对我眨眨眼说。“你回来后找我。”接下来的两个半小时,我爬起了这些古老的石墙,别提有多开心了。后来,我把自己的冒险经历告诉了爷爷。我永远也不会忘记他说过的话。“弗雷德,”他咧嘴笑道。“你做了一回自己,让这个日子不同凡响。永远记住,整个世界只有一个你,而且我喜欢真实的你。”
  许多年过去了,现在我主持电视节目《罗杰斯先生的街坊四邻》,全美国几百万儿童收看。几年过后,节目已经发生了一些变化,但有一点没变:几乎每期节目后我都会传递给孩子们这样一个信息。“这个世界上只有一个你,人们都喜欢真实的你。”
  
  注释:
  1 neat as a pin极为整洁
  2 property n.房产;地产;房地产
  3 crumbling adj.倒塌的
  4 scramble vi. 攀登;爬上;登上
  5 summon vt.鼓起;奋起;使出
  6 chorus n. 一齐;齐声;异口同声说的话
  7 dismay n. 沮丧;灰心
  8 booming adj. 发出低沉声音的


  之一
  
  我们为什么要读书呢?
  有人说,很简单嘛,读书就是为了获取知识,为了得到一张文凭,为了将来可以在社会上立足。这些都没错,但这只是读书表层的目的。
  现在,谁都有读书受教育的机会,而有的人不珍惜这样的机会,连课本都不去好好读,更别说什么报刊和名著了,年轻人不读书,又能干什么呢?过剩的精力无处发泄,就去寻刺激、求享乐,这时极易误入迷途。当然,大部分人还是老老实实地读书学习的,小学、中学、大学,按部就班,完了找份工作,安顿一生。有的非大学不去读,甚至非名牌大学不上。大学毕业了不好找工作,就再读硕士。硕士读完了还不好找工作,那就再接着读博士。但博士毕业了就一定能找到如意的工作吗?许多人以为书读到尽头,就什么都有了,结果却发现了现实的严酷。想通过读书而改变命运,改变生存条件,博得更多的名利是现今大多数中国人的读书目的,于是,读书成了一种工具、一种手段。上海海事大学的研究生杨元元,书不可谓读得不好,可是却因仍未能让自己和母亲过上好日子,而在绝望中寻了短见。
  可以说,现在真正的读书人并不多,那种仅仅为了自己的爱好、兴趣而读书的人更是凤毛麟角。其实,读书还有更美好的境界——为了生命、为了成长、为了幸福、为了提升自己的人生品位。培根说:“读史使人明智,读诗使人灵秀,数学使人周密,科学使人深刻,伦理学使人庄重,逻辑修辞之学使人善辩:凡有所学,皆成性格。”我们应为心灵的需要、生命的灿烂而读书,我感到,读书是与作者心灵的互通和对话。在阅读中,你如同在与一位良师益友倾心交谈,你的疑惑得以廓清,你的生活体验在书中得到了验证,你的思想有了共鸣和升华,你内心的幸福感大为增强,那才是一种最愉快的阅读历程。真正的读书人因为受到高雅文化的熏陶,自有一种由内而外的气质,一个人,内心有了一种从容淡定,精神上变得高屋建瓴,就能做到温家宝总理所欣赏的那句歌词“人间坎坷辛苦,我不认输”。
  上个世纪,有位老先生上课提问学生,为什么读书,一位少年从容不迫地站起来,清晰而有力地答道:“我为中华之崛起而读书!”而如今又有谁能像周恩来一样说出这句话呢?也许我们比不上这位伟人,那么就让我们为自己人格的完善、生命的充实而读书吧。正如于丹老师说的那样:“让我们在生命困顿的时候面无惧色,在生命平淡时带有欢欣,一辈子都能有更大的快乐,我觉得这就是读书的最大用途。”
  
  之二
  
  “不是爱书即欲死,任从人笑作书癫。”如此嗜书如命者已很少见,但为书而狂的那份执著,仍为我所神往。作为中学生,我们读不了过多和过于深奥的书,那就找几本名著读读吧。
  名著是经历史淘洗和读者筛选而来的,是人类思想文化的里程碑和高峰。一位哲人说过:“名著就是启人心智的书。”它不是无味的鸡肋,不是仅供消遣的麻将,而是提神醒脑的香茗,是富有营养的佳肴,是医治精神疾患的良药。
  马克思在写《资本论》时,读了一千余册有关哲学、历史的名著,汲取了人类丰富的精神养料,他才攀登上了时代的思想高峰。我们中学生阅读名著,既是为了完善知识结构,也是为了精神的滋养和发育。20岁的清华大学博士生李路珂在父亲的指导下,用8年的时间学完从小学到高中的课程。15岁时,以657分考入清华大学。李路珂说,她是靠读了大量的中外名著才读进清华的。高尔基说:“书籍是人类进步的阶梯。”她的体会是,读名著是一个人成才的“高速公路”。的确,学生时代是阅读中外名著的黄金时期,它对提高自己的哲学思辨能力、心理体验能力、审美想象能力、语言感受能力乃至写作能力、交际能力、演讲能力都大有裨益。
  不少人认为,读名著既费时间,又觉无趣,其实这是误解。记得看到过一幅漫画,名曰“书痴”,令我印象深刻:一排排高至房顶的书架,梯凳上站着一位老人,腋下夹着一本书,腿间夹着一本书,左手拿着一本书,右手又在抽出另一本书,老人脸上带着微笑。书架上全是各类名著,它让人感到,能够攀登书山、徜徉书海真是人生的一大幸事啊。
  我读《红楼梦》,起初也只是慕其名,在那个恹恹的暑假里,书中人物皆如过眼云烟,并无所得,后来第二次再读,想看看贾王薛史四大家族兴衰沉浮的故事,却意外地被黛玉的多虑、宝玉的玩劣、宝钗的圆滑、王熙凤的工于心计所吸引,被《好了歌》的禅意,《葬花吟》的悲情所牵动,于是才很享受地读下去。不知从何时起,我又被孔子“问其仁,吾不知也”的直白所乐,被辛弃疾的遭遇所伤,被张良的雄才所折服,被羊脂球的下场所困,被安娜的叛逆所惊……茫茫书海中,我得到了我所追求的“伴侣”,那是对笼罩在历史烟雾中的一个个不凡灵魂的探求。
  若学弟学妹问我读名著的意义,我无从给出一个既高尚又现实的回答。只是当现实的枷锁牢牢禁锢我们的时候,戴着镣铐的我仍想起舞,即使只能在那书中的字里行间,也不想让思想停止。我从读书伊始便在探寻,那种不被尘世沾染的勇气,那份轰轰烈烈。我不能不读名著,因为我不想失去精神家园。
  (指导老师:毛荣富)
  
  吴盼盼同学的这篇作文,从动笔到完成,大约有一个学期之久。能够长时间地专注于一个问题的思考,这已是十分可贵的了。
  这篇作文的第一部分谈的是读书的目的,第二部分则专门谈阅读名著的问题。——这都是青少年学生无法回避的问题。读了第一部分,令我想起台湾作家柏杨说过的一句话:中国人喜欢上学而不喜欢读书。自古以来,读书和功名利禄总是联系在一起的,所谓“书中自有黄金屋,书中自有千钟粟,书中自有颜如玉”也。到了今天,通过读书获得社会地位的改变,获得物质生活的改善的观念已成为应试教育的无形推手。吴盼盼并没有否定它,而是准确地把它定位于“读书表层的目的”,为了这种表层的目的而读书也无可厚非,但作者清醒地认识到“读书还有更美好的境界”,上学的目的是为了学会读书,而读书的目的则是为了自我的发展,是为了提升生命的质量。文章并没有进行枯燥的说教,而是很有说服力地引用了培根的名言和于丹老师的话,更可贵的是将自己的读书体验写了出来。以一个初中生的认知水平,能把读书的道理悟得这么深,真是难能可贵。环顾我们周围,已有不少富起来的人,其中幸福者不多,而活得空虚无聊者却不少,他们只能在低俗糜烂中去寻求刺激,有的甚至触犯法律,关键就在于未能从书籍中汲取营养而使自己变得高尚起来,有充实健康的精神生活、情感生活,其中虽不乏高学历者,但他们却并非真正的读书人。
  关于阅读名著的问题,写得最好的是最后两段。让一个没有读过几本名著的人来写这篇作文,只能是纸上谈兵,因为他没有深切的体验和经验。吴盼盼也并不是一开始就喜欢名著的,而是慢慢才有了感觉,有了兴趣。“只是当现实的枷锁牢牢禁锢我们的时候,戴着镣铐的我仍想起舞,即使只能在那书中的字里行间,也不想让思想停止。”这句话讲得极好,她把现实比做枷锁,把阅读看做与良师益友的交谈、思想的起舞。这说明,现实生活不能给她的,却可以从名著的阅读中找到。正因为有了对名著的阅读,她的生活才变得丰富和幸福。
  文中说,阅读名著对哲学思辨能力、心理体验能力、审美想象能力、语言感受能力乃至写作能力、交际能力、演讲能力的提高都有促进作用。能够在应试教育的大环境中出现吴盼盼这样的学生,说明优秀文化具有穿越时空的辐射力,具有对每个灵魂强大的震撼力和感召力,它的传承是任何东西阻挡不了的。
  当这期杂志到你手里的时候,正逢暑假的开始。这正是潜心读书的“良辰”啊。希望这篇作文能激起你读书的欲望。好好地读点书,就从这个暑假开始!(荐评老师:毛荣富)
牛蒡子的功效与作用
  Albert tossed1 the papers on my desk--his eyebrows knit into a straight line as he glared at me.
  "What"s wrong?" I asked.
  He jabbed2 a finger at the proposal. "Next time you want to change anything, ask me first," he said.
  How dare he treat me like that, I thought. I had changed one long sentence, and corrected grammar, something I thought I was paid to do.
  It"s not that I hadn"t been warned. Other women who had worked my job before me called Albert names I couldn"t repeat. One coworker took me aside the first day. "He"s personally responsible for two different secretaries leaving the firm," she whispered.
  As the weeks went by, I grew to despise Albert. His actions made me question much that I believed in, such as turning the other cheek and loving your enemies. Albert quickly slapped a verbal insult on any cheek turned his way.
  One day another of his episodes left me in tears. I stormed into his office, prepared to lose my job if needed, but not before I let the man know how I felt. I opened the door and Albert glanced up. "What?" he asked abruptly.
  Suddenly I knew what I had to do. After all, he deserved it.
  I sat across from him and said calmly, "Albert, the way you"ve been treating me is wrong. I"ve never had anyone speak to me that way. it"s wrong, and I can"t allow it to continue."
  Albert snickered3 nervously and leaned back in his chair. I closed my eyes briefly. God help me, I prayed.
  "I want to make you a promise, I will be a friend," I said. "I will treat you as you deserve to be treated, with respect and kindness. You deserve that. Everybody does." I slipped out of the chair and closed the door behind me.
  Albert avoided me the rest of the week. Proposals and letters appeared on my desk while I was at lunch, and my corrected versions were not seen again. I brought cookies to the office one day and left a batch4 on his desk. Another day Ileft a note. "Hope your day is going great," it read.
  Over the next few weeks, Albert reappeared. He was reserved, but there were no other episodes. Coworkers cornered5 me in the break room. "Guess you got to Albert," they said.
  I shook my head. "Albert and I are becoming friends," I said in faith. I refused to talk about him. Every time I saw Albert in the hall, I smiled at him: After all, that"s what friends do.
  One year after our "talk," I discovered I had breast cancer. I was thirty-two, the mother of three beautiful young children, and scared. The cancer had metastasized6 to my lymph nodes7 and the statistics were not great for long-term survival. After my surgery, friends and loved ones visited and tried to find the right words. No one knew what to say, and many said the wrong things. Others wept, and I tried to encourage them. I clung to8 hope myself.
  One day, Albert stood awkwardly in the doorway of my small, darkenedhospital room. I waved him in with a smile. He walked over to my bed and without a word placed a bundle beside me. Inside the package lay several bulbs.

牛蒡子的功效与作用:旷视科技:技术花样翻新为先觉识产权为本


  大自然中,有无数的生物在奉献自己。他们不求回报,只为了更完美地展现自己生命的光辉。
  在悬崖边,有一座天梯,直通云霄,这里的人们,犹如生活在世外桃源中一般与外界相隔,没有人会无缘无故地下天梯。然而,有两个人却在天梯间艰难地往返,他们是李桂林和陆建芬。悬崖隔断了知识的桥梁,而他们却把这桥梁重新架设了起来。19年的清贫,他们仍然坚守在岗位上,用自己顽强的生命,在悬崖边支教。没有谁要求他们这样做,只是他们心中有改变穷困山区的志向。他们选择了坚守,他们这样坚守了19年,无怨无悔,而今还在坚守。
  他们知道,祖国的明天需要有知识的人,他们在用生命传播知识,为祖国的花朵奉献自己的一生。
  像这样不为名不为利、甘洒热血谱春秋的人又何止李桂林、陆建芬夫妇呢。此刻,我又想到了唐山十三兄弟。
  那是前年大年三十的前一个夜晚,南方遇到雪灾,唐山十三兄弟毅然放弃和家人团聚的机会,踏上南下的路,在灾区英勇救灾,舍小家为大家,把自己的力量奉献给他人。汶川大地震后,十三兄弟又毅然地踏上离乡之路,到抗灾第一线冒着生命危险去救人,去奉献。唐山十三兄弟,用最原始的方法,为我们诠释了同胞兄弟最朴实的含义。
  看到他们的事迹,我才发现,生命的闪耀,来自于生命的奉献。
  这让我明白了:生命,原来是用来奉献的!
  
  (指导老师:简一义)
牛蒡子的功效与作用
  之一
  
  我们为什么要读书呢?
  有人说,很简单嘛,读书就是为了获取知识,为了得到一张文凭,为了将来可以在社会上立足。这些都没错,但这只是读书表层的目的。
  现在,谁都有读书受教育的机会,而有的人不珍惜这样的机会,连课本都不去好好读,更别说什么报刊和名著了,年轻人不读书,又能干什么呢?过剩的精力无处发泄,就去寻刺激、求享乐,这时极易误入迷途。当然,大部分人还是老老实实地读书学习的,小学、中学、大学,按部就班,完了找份工作,安顿一生。有的非大学不去读,甚至非名牌大学不上。大学毕业了不好找工作,就再读硕士。硕士读完了还不好找工作,那就再接着读博士。但博士毕业了就一定能找到如意的工作吗?许多人以为书读到尽头,就什么都有了,结果却发现了现实的严酷。想通过读书而改变命运,改变生存条件,博得更多的名利是现今大多数中国人的读书目的,于是,读书成了一种工具、一种手段。上海海事大学的研究生杨元元,书不可谓读得不好,可是却因仍未能让自己和母亲过上好日子,而在绝望中寻了短见。
  可以说,现在真正的读书人并不多,那种仅仅为了自己的爱好、兴趣而读书的人更是凤毛麟角。其实,读书还有更美好的境界——为了生命、为了成长、为了幸福、为了提升自己的人生品位。培根说:“读史使人明智,读诗使人灵秀,数学使人周密,科学使人深刻,伦理学使人庄重,逻辑修辞之学使人善辩:凡有所学,皆成性格。”我们应为心灵的需要、生命的灿烂而读书,我感到,读书是与作者心灵的互通和对话。在阅读中,你如同在与一位良师益友倾心交谈,你的疑惑得以廓清,你的生活体验在书中得到了验证,你的思想有了共鸣和升华,你内心的幸福感大为增强,那才是一种最愉快的阅读历程。真正的读书人因为受到高雅文化的熏陶,自有一种由内而外的气质,一个人,内心有了一种从容淡定,精神上变得高屋建瓴,就能做到温家宝总理所欣赏的那句歌词“人间坎坷辛苦,我不认输”。
  上个世纪,有位老先生上课提问学生,为什么读书,一位少年从容不迫地站起来,清晰而有力地答道:“我为中华之崛起而读书!”而如今又有谁能像周恩来一样说出这句话呢?也许我们比不上这位伟人,那么就让我们为自己人格的完善、生命的充实而读书吧。正如于丹老师说的那样:“让我们在生命困顿的时候面无惧色,在生命平淡时带有欢欣,一辈子都能有更大的快乐,我觉得这就是读书的最大用途。”
  
  之二
  
  “不是爱书即欲死,任从人笑作书癫。”如此嗜书如命者已很少见,但为书而狂的那份执著,仍为我所神往。作为中学生,我们读不了过多和过于深奥的书,那就找几本名著读读吧。
  名著是经历史淘洗和读者筛选而来的,是人类思想文化的里程碑和高峰。一位哲人说过:“名著就是启人心智的书。”它不是无味的鸡肋,不是仅供消遣的麻将,而是提神醒脑的香茗,是富有营养的佳肴,是医治精神疾患的良药。
  马克思在写《资本论》时,读了一千余册有关哲学、历史的名著,汲取了人类丰富的精神养料,他才攀登上了时代的思想高峰。我们中学生阅读名著,既是为了完善知识结构,也是为了精神的滋养和发育。20岁的清华大学博士生李路珂在父亲的指导下,用8年的时间学完从小学到高中的课程。15岁时,以657分考入清华大学。李路珂说,她是靠读了大量的中外名著才读进清华的。高尔基说:“书籍是人类进步的阶梯。”她的体会是,读名著是一个人成才的“高速公路”。的确,学生时代是阅读中外名著的黄金时期,它对提高自己的哲学思辨能力、心理体验能力、审美想象能力、语言感受能力乃至写作能力、交际能力、演讲能力都大有裨益。
  不少人认为,读名著既费时间,又觉无趣,其实这是误解。记得看到过一幅漫画,名曰“书痴”,令我印象深刻:一排排高至房顶的书架,梯凳上站着一位老人,腋下夹着一本书,腿间夹着一本书,左手拿着一本书,右手又在抽出另一本书,老人脸上带着微笑。书架上全是各类名著,它让人感到,能够攀登书山、徜徉书海真是人生的一大幸事啊。
  我读《红楼梦》,起初也只是慕其名,在那个恹恹的暑假里,书中人物皆如过眼云烟,并无所得,后来第二次再读,想看看贾王薛史四大家族兴衰沉浮的故事,却意外地被黛玉的多虑、宝玉的玩劣、宝钗的圆滑、王熙凤的工于心计所吸引,被《好了歌》的禅意,《葬花吟》的悲情所牵动,于是才很享受地读下去。不知从何时起,我又被孔子“问其仁,吾不知也”的直白所乐,被辛弃疾的遭遇所伤,被张良的雄才所折服,被羊脂球的下场所困,被安娜的叛逆所惊……茫茫书海中,我得到了我所追求的“伴侣”,那是对笼罩在历史烟雾中的一个个不凡灵魂的探求。
  若学弟学妹问我读名著的意义,我无从给出一个既高尚又现实的回答。只是当现实的枷锁牢牢禁锢我们的时候,戴着镣铐的我仍想起舞,即使只能在那书中的字里行间,也不想让思想停止。我从读书伊始便在探寻,那种不被尘世沾染的勇气,那份轰轰烈烈。我不能不读名著,因为我不想失去精神家园。
  (指导老师:毛荣富)
  
  吴盼盼同学的这篇作文,从动笔到完成,大约有一个学期之久。能够长时间地专注于一个问题的思考,这已是十分可贵的了。
  这篇作文的第一部分谈的是读书的目的,第二部分则专门谈阅读名著的问题。——这都是青少年学生无法回避的问题。读了第一部分,令我想起台湾作家柏杨说过的一句话:中国人喜欢上学而不喜欢读书。自古以来,读书和功名利禄总是联系在一起的,所谓“书中自有黄金屋,书中自有千钟粟,书中自有颜如玉”也。到了今天,通过读书获得社会地位的改变,获得物质生活的改善的观念已成为应试教育的无形推手。吴盼盼并没有否定它,而是准确地把它定位于“读书表层的目的”,为了这种表层的目的而读书也无可厚非,但作者清醒地认识到“读书还有更美好的境界”,上学的目的是为了学会读书,而读书的目的则是为了自我的发展,是为了提升生命的质量。文章并没有进行枯燥的说教,而是很有说服力地引用了培根的名言和于丹老师的话,更可贵的是将自己的读书体验写了出来。以一个初中生的认知水平,能把读书的道理悟得这么深,真是难能可贵。环顾我们周围,已有不少富起来的人,其中幸福者不多,而活得空虚无聊者却不少,他们只能在低俗糜烂中去寻求刺激,有的甚至触犯法律,关键就在于未能从书籍中汲取营养而使自己变得高尚起来,有充实健康的精神生活、情感生活,其中虽不乏高学历者,但他们却并非真正的读书人。
  关于阅读名著的问题,写得最好的是最后两段。让一个没有读过几本名著的人来写这篇作文,只能是纸上谈兵,因为他没有深切的体验和经验。吴盼盼也并不是一开始就喜欢名著的,而是慢慢才有了感觉,有了兴趣。“只是当现实的枷锁牢牢禁锢我们的时候,戴着镣铐的我仍想起舞,即使只能在那书中的字里行间,也不想让思想停止。”这句话讲得极好,她把现实比做枷锁,把阅读看做与良师益友的交谈、思想的起舞。这说明,现实生活不能给她的,却可以从名著的阅读中找到。正因为有了对名著的阅读,她的生活才变得丰富和幸福。
  文中说,阅读名著对哲学思辨能力、心理体验能力、审美想象能力、语言感受能力乃至写作能力、交际能力、演讲能力的提高都有促进作用。能够在应试教育的大环境中出现吴盼盼这样的学生,说明优秀文化具有穿越时空的辐射力,具有对每个灵魂强大的震撼力和感召力,它的传承是任何东西阻挡不了的。
  当这期杂志到你手里的时候,正逢暑假的开始。这正是潜心读书的“良辰”啊。希望这篇作文能激起你读书的欲望。好好地读点书,就从这个暑假开始!(荐评老师:毛荣富)

牛蒡子的功效与作用:父亲宇预告最新干《父亲富翁10》将在Steam平台铰出产


  It might make a larger omelette but a bigger egg isn"t necessarily a better one — and it certainly doesn"t make the hen that laid it very happy.
  That is the view of the chairman of the British Free Range Producers" Association, who says that if you want to be kind to hens, you should eat medium, not large or very large, eggs.
  “It can be painful to the hen to lay a larger egg,” Tom Vesey, who keeps 16,000 hens on 45 acres at Dingestow, Monmouth, told The Times. “There is also the stress, which is a big problem as it takes more out of hens to lay large eggs. It would be kinder to eat smaller eggs. Whenever I go to the Continent people eat medium-sized eggs yet here the housewife seems to be wedded to large eggs.”
  He also suggests people would do better eating a breakfast of two medium-sized eggs rather than one large one. “I prefer medium eggs,” he said, “They taste better, are less watery and don"t run off the plate.”
  Mr Vesey, who says he is determined to change egg-shopping habits, insists that farmers only produce large eggs because they receive more for them from supermarkets. The average price for 12 free-range eggs paid to a farmer is 77p for medium, £1 for large and just over £1 for very large.
  Mr Vesey has been criticised by industry chiefs for raising the issue in The Grocer but animal welfare experts say his argument is valid. Phil Brooke, of Compassion in World Farming, said: “Selectively breeding hens for high productivity, whether larger eggs or larger numbers of eggs, can cause a range of problems such as osteoporosis, bone breakage and prolapse. We need to breed and feed hens so that they can produce eggs without risk to their health or welfare.”
  Christine Nicol, Professor of Animal Welfare at the University of Bristol, said: “There is no strong published evidence of pain in egg-laying hens but it"s not ueasonable to think there may be a mismatch in the size of birds and the eggs they produce. We do often spot bloodstains on large eggs. As a personal decision I would never buy jumbo eggs.”
  Prices for very large eggs have decreased slightly over the past year, something Mr Vesey believes may make farmers think again about their production. He would like to see higher prices paid for medium eggs to encourage production. There is little consumer demand for small eggs, which weigh less than 53g and are mostly used in processed food.
  He thinks by changing the protein element of poultry feed it is possible for farmers to slow down the process of egg production so that hens can lay smaller eggs. He also suggests that farmers will make more profit from producing medium eggs because there will be fewer breakages. The volume of egg shell is the same on a medium as on a large or very large egg. Thin shells mean more cracked eggs.
  Mark Williams, head of the British Egg Industry Council, said shoppers mostly opted for large eggs, thinking they offered better value for money. “But it is possible consumers could be switched off from buying large overnight,” he said.

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